unraid smart check – dead WD green drive

errors on unraid GUI – sometimes its a loose cable, sometimes its an issue with the drive.

Run this command to check smart status

smartctl -a -d ata /dev/sda
or if you are using a newer SATA controller
smartctl -a -A /dev/sda

http://lime-technology.com/wiki/index.php/Troubleshooting

unfortunately in my case, looks like drive is pretty much dead… not too bad for a drive almost 5 years old.

its pretty typical of a WD green drive in its default config to die in this type of environment, no plans to replace it with a similar type drive. You can see below the incredibly high LCC count which indicates the drive header has parked this many times over its life. This is probably part of the problem – there is a tool you can run (check this vid, link for  WDIDDLE3 also in comments – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J2eYyRI_F98) which disables the intellipark feature of the green drive. I never disabled the park timeout before this drive died (which defaults to 8 seconds!) — note: i have disabled it completely on my other green drives.

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===

Model Family: Western Digital Caviar Green
Device Model: WDC WD10EADS-00M2B0
Serial Number: WD-WCAV51020991
LU WWN Device Id: 5 0014ee 2588170a5
Firmware Version: 01.00A01
User Capacity: 1,000,204,886,016 bytes [1.00 TB]
Sector Size: 512 bytes logical/physical
Device is: In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is: ATA8-ACS (minor revision not indicated)
SATA Version is: SATA 2.6, 3.0 Gb/s
Local Time is: Thu Oct 30 18:48:41 2014 NZDT
SMART support is: Available – device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: FAILED!
Drive failure expected in less than 24 hours. SAVE ALL DATA.
See vendor-specific Attribute list for failed Attributes.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 16
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME FLAG VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE UPDATED WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate 0x002f 168 154 051 Pre-fail Always – 12560032
3 Spin_Up_Time 0x0027 149 105 021 Pre-fail Always – 5508
4 Start_Stop_Count 0x0032 099 099 000 Old_age Always – 1253
5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct 0x0033 119 119 140 Pre-fail Always FAILING_NOW 648
7 Seek_Error_Rate 0x002e 200 200 000 Old_age Always – 0
9 Power_On_Hours 0x0032 041 041 000 Old_age Always – 43079
10 Spin_Retry_Count 0x0032 100 100 000 Old_age Always – 0
11 Calibration_Retry_Count 0x0032 100 100 000 Old_age Always – 0
12 Power_Cycle_Count 0x0032 100 100 000 Old_age Always – 371
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count 0x0032 200 200 000 Old_age Always – 363
193 Load_Cycle_Count 0x0032 001 001 000 Old_age Always – 1932037
194 Temperature_Celsius 0x0022 118 076 000 Old_age Always – 29
196 Reallocated_Event_Count 0x0032 001 001 000 Old_age Always – 463
197 Current_Pending_Sector 0x0032 199 193 000 Old_age Always – 323
198 Offline_Uncorrectable 0x0030 199 190 000 Old_age Offline – 186
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count 0x0032 200 200 000 Old_age Always – 0
200 Multi_Zone_Error_Rate 0x0008 003 001 000 Old_age Offline – 39455

SMART Error Log Version: 1
No Errors Logged

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
Num Test_Description Status Remaining LifeTime(hours) LBA_of_first_error
# 1 Short offline Completed: read failure 90% 24914 789707146

Here is a good post on another forum about the issue (which also seems to hit some of the new RED drives);

https://forums.freenas.org/index.php?threads/hacking-wd-greens-and-reds-with-wdidle3-exe.18171/

I have disabled intellipark on the rest of my green drives (since they are close to 5 years and probably near failure). I have some new RED drives which i have increased the time out to 300 seconds. (most come with 300 sec timeout, but older firmware is at 8 seconds). From what I’ve been reading there is no physical difference between WD red and green drives, only the firmware differs. So if you are going to put some green drives into a NAS / RAID or Server environment ensure you run wdidle3 and either disable or change timeout on intellipark to 300 seconds. (then its pretty close to a red drive)

To check current status

wdidle3 /r

to disable intellipark

wdidle3 /d

to set to 300 (max) timeout

wdidle3 /s300

windows 2012 – dedup

If you have some archive data that you would like to copy onto a  win 2012 server, but dont know how to estimate the end volume size (if VM etc). Start small – about 1/2 of the total capacity of the drive. Robocopy the data onto the drive until nearly full, manually run dedupe, wait until complete, continue robocopy, repeat and rinse. There will be occasions where you will run out of disk space at that point its time to extend your disk.

You will need to enable deduplication on the file server, either hit the GUI or use the following to enable the module;

Import-Module ServerManager
Add-WindowsFeature -name FS-Data-Deduplication

The powershell commands that you’ll use;

Enable-DedupVolume E:
(enables E drive for deduplication)

Set-DedupVolume E: -MinimumFileAgeDays 0
(default is 5 days – which may be sufficient for achival type files)

Start-DedupJob E: –Type Optimization
(manually starts dedup on E drive)

Get-DedupJob
(shows status of currently running dedup and scheduled dedup jobs)

I have used the following powershell script to continually run the dedup process on my archive drive (during migration work). Checks if dedup processes are running – if not execute dedup on archive drive.


cls
$x = 1
while ($x = 1)
{
$dedupcheck = Get-Dedupjob | Out-String;
if ($dedupcheck -eq "") {
echo "starting dedup process on F drive";
Start-DedupJob F: -type Optimization;
};
echo "dedup jobs running - sleeping for 2 min";
sleep 120;
echo "";
get-dedupstatus;
echo "";
}

Equallogic – 6.0 Feature List

http://www.dell.com/learn/us/en/04/campaigns/equallogic-software

Features introduced in release 6.0:

• Synchronous Replication
• Snapshot Space Borrowing
• Volume Unmap
• Volume Undelete
• Support for SED drives and IPsec

Features you have come to rely on:

• Data Center Bridging
• Automatic load balancing
• VMware® Thin Provisioning awareness
• Auditing of administrative actions
• Microsoft® Active Directory integration
• Peer storage architecture
• Rapid provisioning
• Storage pools
• Roles-based administration
• Thin clones
• SAN Data Copy Offload
• SAN Zero Offload and Scalable Lock Management for VMware
• Intelligent tiering of data across models that combine solid-state drive (SSD) and hard drives
• Integration with the VMware® vStorage APIs
• Nondisruptive array upgrades
• Nondisruptive array removal
• Online data and volume movement
• Automatic RAID placement
• Thin provisioning
• Instant volume restore
• Multivolume, writable snapshots
• Snapshot and point-in-time replication scheduler
• Volume cloning
• Volume consistency sets
• Auto-start disk monitoring system
• Email home
• Enclosure monitoring system
• Performance monitoring

zfs share for Time machine backups

I’ve tried using a share for time machine before, but due to the nature of how time machine works it eventually consumed all the spare space that is available on that particular share.

bring on zfs quotas… (my drive on my mini mac is 100GB, so 200GB should be enough for a few variations)

zfs set quota=200G unprotected/timemachine

This adds a artificial limit to your zfs filesystem, making sure that time machine does not consume more than 200 gigabytes of space.

NFS is your best bet, i’ve created a NFS share like so…

zfs create unprotected/timemachine

zfs set sharenfs=on unprotected/timemachine



Why is UNRAID cool for home?

I’ve played with many storage technologies at home, ZFS being one of my favs when it comes to performance. But i’ve been looking for something that suits a typical home environment where power usage and capacity is usually more important than performance. Thats where UNRAID has come in…

UNRAID give me these advantages;

  • Different sized disks in a single pool (only requires largest disk as parity)
  • Files are distributed over all the disks – so even if you lost more than a single drive you still still have some of your data. Note : with parity drive you can handle a single drive failing without loosing anything, sorta like RAID4 – non distributed parity.
  • Power usage, since the files are stored on specific disks not all the disks need to power on to give you your file.
  • Runs on a USB stick – no large operating system required.
  • Crashplan module can be installed to provide backup options.

http://lime-technology.com/

P4000 / Lefthand – v9.5 feature list

The 9.5 release is a comprehensive release that includes enhancements in the following areas:
  • Application managed snapshots for VMware ESX Server and Microsoft Hyper-V Server
  • SAN Status Home Page — the SAN Status home page is the new home page for the CMC and presents key information for all management groups in the storage environment in a single view.
  • Zero to VSA automated installation and deployment — Single installer can install VSA, FOM and CMC. Go from “zero” to a fully functional virtual SAN in just a few easy steps. Scriptable install tool allows ROBO customers to script install once and deploy VSA quickly at multiple remote locations.
  • Peer Motion data mobility with cluster swap — Cluster swap allows users to replace or upgrade P4000 clusters. Edit cluster menu guides decisions about adding, removing, or exchanging storage systems. Easily migrate data online between tiers.
  • Remote Copy performance improvements — Improvements to remote copy times, the time required to scan volumes, ability to support more frequent snapshots, reduction of RPOs for DR solutions.
  • Storage Replication Adapter for Vsphere Site Recovery Manager 5.x — Supports automated failback and is included on the HP P4000 Application Integration Solution Pack
  • Best Practice configuration wizards — Configuration wizards guide towards highest availability configurations: add Failover Manager for 2–node configuration, configure disk RAID 6 for single-node configurations, recommends volume replication when expanding clusters to more than one storage system

solaris – storage server

http://p2v.it/2010/04/15/a-next-generation-multiprotocol-storage-for-your-homelab-on-a-budget-part-1/

Setup iSCSI target using comstar —
pkg install -v storage-server
pkg install pkg:/SUNWiscsit
svcadm enable stmf
svcadm enable svc:/network/iscsi/target:default
itadm create-target

reboot — -r

Create the iSCSI store —
zfs create -V 100G DataPool/TestDatastore1
sbdadm create-lu /dev/zvol/rdsk/DataPool/TestDatastore1
stmfadm create-hg ESX4-group
stmfadm add-hg-member -g ESX4-group wwn.2100001b329711bd wwn.2101001b32b711bd
stmfadm add-view -h ESX4-group -n 0 600144F03EBEC50000004BA86E460001
stmfadm list-lu -v

enable TRIM in windows 7

This command will confirm if TRIM has been auto-enabled by windows 7

fsutil behavior query disabledeletenotify

DisableDeleteNotify = 1 (Windows TRIM commands are disabled)
DisableDeleteNotify = 0 (Windows TRIM commands are enabled)

If you would like to force it on;

fsutil behavior set disabledeletenotify 0